Pascal Vases

What it shows:

A liquid in a number of different shaped communicating vessels will find the same level in each.

pascal pascal

How it works:

The pressure at the bottom of the fluid depends upon the depth of the fluid and not on the shape of the container. The apparatus consists of a group of glass flasks of assorted shape (see figure 1) linked at their base by a communal reservoir. With the pressure being dependent on the depth of liquid only, an equilibrium situation must have the surface level in each vase equal.

figure 1 Pascal Vases

Setting it up:

The flask's dimensions (20cm in length by 10cm height) make it a good size to sit in front of a light box. If colored water is added, the levels will show up well.


It is probably a good idea for the lecturer to add the water so the leveling can be seen.