Lithium, sodium, and potassium undergo reactions with water.
Two liters of warm water in large pyrex vessel, covered with fine mesh stainless steel screen, is on a stool close by in-floor vent hood. Add a few drops from the phenolphthalein indicator bottle, and a few drops of 1M hydrochloric acid if the warm tap water turns pinkish.
Video camera is clamped to the stool leg, and pointed at the bottom of the beaker. Before class, frame the shot and focus on the center of the beaker.
Using the long forceps, pick out the coil of lithium wire from the mineral oil in...
Hydrogen peroxide 30% in a large round flask decomposes to boiling water and oxygen when postassium iodide is added.
The 12L Round Bottom Flask is set on white C-Fold towels covering a large cork ring on the lab bench. 100-150 ml of 30% hydrogen peroxide is carefully poured in. The liquid should be visible against the white towels from the perspective of the class, and any camera, if used.
The catalyst is 5 g of potassium iodide in a small plastic weighing boat labeled KI.
Safety goggles and gloves. Raise the projection screen and make sure the flask is...
Vinegar and two different amounts of baking soda in plastic soda bottles with balloons.
Two 500ml PETN soda bottles of the same make, split a bottle of vinegar between them.
11" balloons are pre-inflated with dry air, with care taken not to stretch the neck of the balloon. Into the balloons with a funnel go one, two teaspoons of baking soday. With 250 ml of vinegar, that's like six liters of gas potential if one carbon dioxide comes from one acid hydrogen ion.
Tap the baking soda powder down away from the neck of the balloon. Stretch the neck and place it over the top...
A balloon is dropped in boiling water, and another balloon is cooled with liquid nitrogen to demonstrate the effect of temperature on volume of gas in a balloon.
A 4 liter beaker on a hot plate, with a liter of water boiling within. A prepared balloon, filled with air and tied so that it just fits in the beaker, is dropped into the beaker. The balloon expands to seal the beaker and is forced up by the vapor pressure, ending up on top of the beaker, too large to fit inside.
A foam ice bucket will hold a helium ballon that is large enough to seal around the inside of the bucket...
A light bulb is lit when the conductivity probe is immersed in an ionic solution.
The solutions are all in labeled 250ml beakers. All are about 150 ml of 0.1M sol'n. In order, the solutions are: tap water, distilled water, sodium chloride, sucrose, acetic acid, hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, ethanol, and barium sulfate. (See video: http://youtu.be/4WillWjxRWw?hd=1)
The simple conductivity tester is on the bench, for the instructor to plug in. An 800ml beaker with 400 ml of distilled water is provided as...
Several samples are weighed on the balance; each is a mole.
The electronic scales are set up in front of the video camera. In a secondary container on the scale platform is a cube of lead weighing 208 g., 18 g of water in a bottle with an empty bottle for tare, and 200.6 g of mercury in a bottle with an empty bottle for tare.
Sodium chloride solution is added to silver nitrate solution and a white precipitate of silver chloride is instantly formed.
The silver nitrate solution is around 0.1M, and the sodium chloride solution around 0.5M. Pour the sodium chloride sol'n into the silver nitrate to avoid leaving traces of silver nitrate in the empty beaker.
Wear safety glasses and gloves to prepare and perform this demonstration.